Please sign in

You need to sign in to be able to view your settings. If you don't have an account you can join to create a username and sign in.

Settings

Recent Sighting:

Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula

Order: Passeriformes — Family: Icteridae

Identification

The male is bright orange, with a black hood, upperparts and tail, and orange patches on the rump and tail. Females are brownish-olive above and duller orange below. Immatures are variable in color, but have two distinct wing bars, pale lores and no contrasting face pattern. In the western parts of its breeding range, it can be confused with the Bullock's Oriole, but is separable from it by its full black hood and lack of large white wing patches. Once silent, it is noticed less frequently and is usually seen only when flying from one grove of trees to another.

Voice

Its rich bell-like bugling, though extremely variable from bird to bird, is distinctive and with a only little practice, diagnostic. Its season of song is short however, and the Baltimore Oriole usually becomes mostly silent by the end of June.

Length

8.75in

Migration

Most winter from Mexico to northern South America, but small numbers do remain in the southeastern U.S. Migrates across the Gulf of Mexico. Spring movement is late March to mid-May. Fall movement begins as early as July with most birds out of the U.S. by September.

Habitat

In the spring it frequents the shade trees in small-towns, suburbs, farmyards and parks.

Food

Insects, spiders, snails, fruits and berries. Also feeds on the nectar of flowers and will visit feeders where sugar-water is available.

Population trends

Has declined drastically in some regions while proliferating in others, is probably stable overall.

Where in US

Breeds across the eastern United States. Winters from Mexico to northern South America, but small numbers do remain in the southeastern U.S.

Nests

Breeds in shade trees, orchards and in open woodlands. The nest is a hanging pouch, usually suspended at the end of a branch from 20-50 ft. up. It is made of long plant fibers, hair, string and grapevine bark, and in the south Spanish Moss, that is woven to form a deep cup and lined with fine grasses, plant down, wool and hair.

Eggs

Usually 4 eggs, but as many as 6, bluish-white to pale gray in color, with scrawls of black, brown and purple or gray. Single-brooded.

Powered by
_